Even we know the terms “pips,” “points,” “pipettes,” and “lots” so far, now we know what they are, but their values ​​are calculated differently. The unit of measurement to express the difference in value between two currencies is called the “pipe .”If the EUR / USD moves from 1.1050 to 1.1051, that .0001 USD increase is called the ONE PIP.

  Pip is the last decimal place in prices. 

Most pairs go out to 4 decimal places, but there are exceptions, such as the Japanese yen pair, which can be placed at two decimal places. We think so. 

For EUR / USD, it is 0.0001, and for USD / JPY, it is 0.01. It can be calculated as follows.
 Knowledge is essential for all foreign exchange traders. Do not think about trading until pip values ​​and profit and loss are calculated.

Read More: Simple 10 Pips A Day Forex Trading Strategy

What does Pip mean?

 Pip is the form in which the price moves at a given exchange rate. Understanding the value change helps traders enter or edit orders to manage their trading strategy. 


Traders often use pips for profit or loss. A pip measures an exchange rate change rate for a currency pair. 


The calculation is done using the last decimal point. Since most major currency pairs are priced at four decimal places, the slightest difference is the final decimal point or one base point equal to 1/100 of 1%. For example, when a trader says that a trader made 40 pips on a trade, it means that the trader made a profit of 40 pips. 


The actual amount of money this represents depends on the pip value.

OANDA introduced the so-called “pipette” fractional pipe to spread evenly, with a fractional pip equivalent to 1/10 of a pip, and the EUR / USD currency pair can be viewed up to five used as quotes for three decimal places. Pipettes are shown in the Superscript format in the quote panel.

How to determine the value of PIP 

The monetary value of a Pip depends on three areas. The currency pair to be traded, the size of the trade and the exchange rate should be considered. Based on these factors, fluctuations in even a single pip can significantly affect the value of the open space. For example, suppose a $ 300,000 trade of the USD / CAD pair closes at 1.0568 after 20 pips. There are a few steps to follow up, and by following them, you can calculate your profit in US Dollars.

What is a pipette?

Foreign exchange brokers quote currency pairs up to the standard “4 and 2” decimal places to the “5 and 3” decimal places. They quote fractional PIPS, also known as “points” or “pipettes.”

If the concept of a “pipe” is not already sufficiently confusing for the new forex trader, we will try to confuse you further and point out that it is similar to a “point” or a “pipet” or a “fractional pip .”One-tenth of a pipe “.

As an example, if GBP / USD moves from 1.30542 to 1.30543, that .00001 USD move could be termed one PIPETTE.

Let’s find out how fractional pips are displayed on a trading platform.

 On trading platforms, numbers representing one-tenth of a pip are usually displayed to the right of the more significant two digits. The Pip “Map” helps us quickly learn how to read pips.

Let’s see, How to calculate the value of a pip.

Since each currency has its relative value, it is necessary to calculate the value of a pip for those currency pairs.

Let us consider it this way: using an extract with four decimal places.
  Exchange rates can be expressed as a ratio to explain the calculations better. That is, 1.2500 EUR / USD can be written as “1 EUR / 1.2500 USD”.
  1 USD to 1.0200 CAD or 1 USD / 1.0200 CAD. 
Change in the value of a computer currency, that is, the frequency of the exchange rate = pip value (depending on the money)
 
[.0001 CAD] x [1 USD / 1.0200 CAD)]
  Or quite simply in this way,
 
[(.0001 CAD) / (1.0200 CAD)] x 1 USD = 0.00009804 USD can be considered as a traded unit.
 If 10,000 USD / CAD units were traded, one pip change in the exchange rate would result in a change of approximately USD 0.98. (10,000 x 0.00009804 USD / unit).
  
“Approximate” means that as the exchange rate changes, so do the value of each pipe. It can be expressed as # 2: GBP / JPY = 123.00.
 
Considering another example of a currency pair being used as counter currency with the Japanese yen, it should be noted that this currency pair only goes to two decimal places to measure a difference of 1 pip in value. Most other currencies have four decimal places. In this case, one pip movement can be seen as .01 JPY.
 
Change in the value of a computer currency, that is, the frequency of the exchange rate = pip value (depending on the money)
 
[.01 JPY] x [1 GBP / 123.00 JPY]
  Or more simply,
  [(.01 JPY) / (123.00 JPY)] x 1 GBP = (0.0000813 GBP)
 
Therefore, when trading 10,000 GBP / JPY units, each pip change is approximately 0.813 GBP.

How to find the pip value of a currency in a trading account.

The final question to be asked when calculating the pip value of a place is, “What is the pip value in terms of the currency of the trading account?” That is.
 
After all, it is a global market, and not everyone has their account credited with the same amount. This means that we need to know that our account must convert Pip into any currency traded.
 
This calculation is often the simplest of all, simply multiplying/dividing the “found pip value” by the currency of the account and the corresponding currency exchange rate.
  If the “found pip value” is a currency similar to the base currency of the exchange rate quote:
 
Using the GBP / JPY example above, we can convert the pip value found at .813 GBP to the pip value of USD by using GBP / USD 1.5590 as our exchange rate.
 If the counter to the currency exchange rate that we are converting is cash, we must divide the “found pip value” by the corresponding exchange rate.
 
.813 GBP / (1 GBP / 1.5590 USD) per pipe
  or a
 
[(.813 GBP) / (1 GBP)] x (1.5590 USD) = 1.2674 USD per tube movement
 
Therefore, for every .01 pip move of GBP / JPY, the value of the 10,000 unit position changes by approximately USD 1.27.
  If the currency we are converting is the base currency of the exchange rate, we must multiply the “found pip value” by the exchange rate.

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