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Buying and selling currencies simultaneously are known as forex trading. A “forex broker” or “CFD provider” is used to exchange currencies traded in pairs. The value of a currency is expressed in terms of another currency.

These include the euro and U.S. dollar (EUR/USD) or the British pound and the Japanese yen (GBP/JPY).

You purchase or sell currency pairs in the forex market.

The “majors
The “crosses
The “exotics

The U.S. dollar is always included in the major currency pairs.

Exchange rates between currencies do not include the value of one currency against another. It is also known as “minors” when currency crosses have one of the main currencies.

A significant and emerging market currency is included in exotic currency pairs (E.M.).

The world’s majors are the most liquid. The term ” liquidity ” describes the financial market’s amount of activity as defined by the term “liquidity.”

A currency pair’s value is determined by how many active traders are buying and selling it, as well as the volume of trades.

The more frequently a commodity is traded, the more liquid it becomes.
Compared to the AUD/USD currency pair, EUR/USD sees more trading activity and larger trade volumes.

Thus, EUR/USD is more liquid than AUD/USD.

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Pairs of Unusual Currencies

A developing or emerging market country’s currency is considered an exotic currency.

One primary currency is coupled with the currency of an emerging country, such as Brazil, Mexico, Chile, Turkey, or Hungary, to create an exotic currency pair.
A significant and exotic currency are included in an unknown currency pair.

In other cases, spreads are three times larger than the EUR/USD or USD/JPY exchange rates.

Exotic currency pairs are more susceptible to economic and geopolitical events because of their liquidity.

Exotic currency exchange rates can be subject to wild swings due to various factors, including political scandals and surprise election results.

So, if you’re considering trading exotic currency pairs, keep this in mind while making your choice.

Money in the G10

Ten of the most heavily traded and liquid currencies globally are part of the G10 grouping.
Traders purchase and sell them regularly without impacting their currency exchange rates in a free market.

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The Scandies

The historical, cultural, and linguistic linkages between Scandinavia and the rest of Northern Europe make it an essential part of the continent. Locally, “Scandinavia” encompasses Denmark, Norway, and Sweden.

“Scandies” refers to both of their respective currencies when used in conjunction.
Denmark and Sweden formed the Scandinavian Monetary Union to unite their currencies under a gold standard. Norwegians were among the last to join.

This resulted in creating a single currency, except that each of these countries produced its coinage.

World War I ended in a shattered Scandinavian Monetary Union and ended the gold standard. They opted to preserve the currency, even though the values differed. And everything is still as they were.

CEE Currency

Central and Eastern Europe are known as “CEE.”
Four regions of Europe fall under the umbrella of “Central and Eastern European“: the Baltics; the Eastern European countries; Southeast Europe (the Balkans); and Central and Eastern Europe itself.
Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and the three Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania) make up the Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) group.


BRICS stands for Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China, and South Africa as a group of six critical emerging economies.” BRIC” (or “the BRICs”) was originally a grouping of the first four countries. When Goldman Sachs coined the term “BRICs,” they referred to the current crop of fast-growing emerging economies. The OECD coined the term “BRICS” after including Indonesia and South Africa in its list of member countries.

In forex, what is meant by a currency pair?

There are two currencies in a currency pair, and their values are determined by the other. The British pound’s value about the U.S. dollar, for example, is represented by the symbol GBP/USD.

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Do you know the most essential exchange rate pairings?

Several “major” currency pairs contain the U.S. dollar and are the most popular. You’ll find seven of them:

  • The Euro-US Dollar exchange rate (EUR/USD)
  • The pound-us dollar exchange rate (GBP/USD)
  • The dollar-Canada dollar exchange rate (CAD/USD)
  • The dollar-Australian exchange rate (AUD/USD)

What do you mean by the currency crosses?

Those currency pairs that don’t include the U.S. dollar are known as “currency crosses” or “crosses.” GBP/JPY; EUR/CAD; GBP/JPY; EUR/CHF; etc. are examples of cross currency pairs

Is there a finite number of monetary unit pairings?

Many currency pairs exist, but not all of them may be traded in the foreign exchange market. 180 currencies are now recognized by the United Nations. It would be a significant sum if all of the world’s currencies were paired together.

Read Previous Lesson: What Traded in Forex?

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